Recent interdisciplinary studies advance the argument that emotions

Question

Recent interdisciplinary studies advance the argument that emotions, including those deemed personal or private is a social phenomenon, though one inseparable from bodily response.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • Recent interdisciplinary studies advance the argument (Main Clause. Subject – “studies”; Verb – “advance”)
    • that emotions, (“That” Clause modifying 'argument'. Subject – “emotions”)
      • including those deemed personal or private (additional info about “emotions”)
    • is a social phenomenon, though one inseparable from bodily response. (Verb of “that” clause – “is”)

The sentence talks about the argument proposed by some studies. The argument is that emotions are social phenomena but are inseparable from bodily response.

The sentence has the following two errors:

  1. The singular verb “is” doesn’t agree with the plural subject “emotions”.
  2. The phrase “including…private” has a beginning comma but not the ending comma. A comma needs to be inserted after “private”.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the errors mentioned above.

(B) Correct. Both the errors of the original sentence have been rectified. 

(C) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. Error no. 2 of the original sentence.
  2. “those” doesn’t refer to anything. The structure in this option is “emotions are not those inseparable from bodily response”.

(D) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. The dash after “private” would have been correct if the dash had preceded “including”. However, since a comma precedes “including”, a comma is needed after “private”.
  2. The structure would be better if the verb “are” is repeated after “but” i.e. “are social phenomena but are not separable”.

(E) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. “or also as private emotions” is wrong since “or also” doesn’t make sense and also since “as private emotions” is not parallel to “personal”.
  2. “not inseparable” is opposite to the given “inseparable”.
  3. The meaning is more clearly communicated by saying “social phenomena that are inseparable from…” than by saying “social phenomena inseparable from…”.

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with a score of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at +91 9971 0010 67 or CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

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