A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.
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The sentence says that Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist and that his exploits included circling the globe faster than a fictional character.
The error in the sentence is that the beginning modifier ‘a pioneer journalist’ illogically modifies the following noun “exploits”; it cannot modify “Nellie Bly” since “Nellie Bly” is acting not as a noun but as an adjective to “exploits”.
(A) Incorrect. For the error mentioned above.
(B) Correct. In this option, “a pioneer journalist” correctly modifies ‘Nellie Bly’.
(C) Incorrect. For the following reasons:
- The verb-ing modifier “including” modifies the preceding clause. However, it is not presenting any natural consequence of the fact that she was a pioneer journalist.
- The use of the article “the” before the gerund “circling the globe” is incorrect.
(D) Incorrect. This option is in inverted sentence structure. Converting it into regular structure, we get:
Circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg are included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits.
We can see that the sentence has a singular subject “circling” and a plural verb “are”.
(E) Incorrect. Nellie Bly herself was the pioneer journalist. “The pioneer journalist’s exploits of Nellie Bly” doesn’t make any sense.