A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly’s exploits included

Question

A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

The sentence says that Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist and that his exploits included circling the globe faster than a fictional character.

The error in the sentence is that the beginning modifier ‘a pioneer journalist’ illogically modifies the following noun “exploits”; it cannot modify “Nellie Bly” since “Nellie Bly” is acting not as a noun but as an adjective to “exploits”.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the error mentioned above.

(B) Correct. In this option, “a pioneer journalist” correctly modifies ‘Nellie Bly’.

(C) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. The verb-ing modifier “including” modifies the preceding clause. However, it is not presenting any natural consequence of the fact that she was a pioneer journalist.
  2. The use of the article “the” before the gerund “circling the globe” is incorrect.

(D) Incorrect. This option is in inverted sentence structure. Converting it into regular structure, we get:

Circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg are included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits.

We can see that the sentence has a singular subject “circling” and a plural verb “are”.

(E) Incorrect. Nellie Bly herself was the pioneer journalist. “The pioneer journalist’s exploits of Nellie Bly” doesn’t make any sense.

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with a score of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at +91 9971 0010 67 or CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

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