Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that

Question

Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs that enable a family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment to be able to move into new housing and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

Many house builders offer rent-to-buy programs.

  • These programs enable
    • a kind of family (What kind? The family with insufficient savings for a conventional down payment)
      • to move into new housing
      • and to apply part of the rent to a purchase later

This is what the sentence intends to say. Everything’s fine with the sentence except it uses ‘enable’ and ‘to be able’ together. Either you say:

  • XYZ enables ABC to do these things
  • Or you say, XYZ makes ABC able to do these things

You don’t say “XYZ enables ABC to be able to do these things”. The use is entirely redundant and makes the sentence look non-standard. (It also makes the author look like a case of short term memory loss! The author just seems to have forgotten that he had already written ‘enables’)

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the redundancy error explained above.

(B) Correct. Removed the error in the original sentence without changing anything else.

(C) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. The use of semi-colon after “programs” is incorrect. The semi-colon indicates the beginning of a new clause. However, there is no independent clause after semi-colon; rather, we have a relative clause referring back to “programs”.
  2. Singular verb “enables” doesn’t agree with plural subject “programs”.
  3. “to apply” and “to move” are the only two elements in a list, and thus need to be connected by “and”, not by a “comma”.

(D) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. Singular verb “enables” doesn’t agree with plural subject “programs”.
  2. The use of verb-ing modifier “applying” is incorrect. It doesn’t provide any additional information about the preceding clause. We know from the context that this part should be turned into an infinitive “to apply” since the idea is parallel to “to move into new housing”.

(E) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. Redundancy error of the original sentence
  2. Error no. 2 of option D

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with scores of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

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