Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled

Question

Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria, so ancient Greek materials from the construction of that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • Like ancient Egyptian architectural materials
    • that were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria,
  • so ancient Greek materials from the construction of that city were reused in subsequent centuries by Roman, Muslim, and modern builders.

The sentence presents a similarity. Ancient Egyptian architectural materials were recycled in the construction of ancient Greek Alexandria. Similarly, ancient Greek materials from the construction of the same city were reused by others in subsequent centuries.

The problem with the sentence is that it seems to mix two constructions that are used to present similarity i.e. “like X, Y” (X and Y are nouns) and “Just as M, so N” (M and N are clauses). The given sentence begins with “Like”; however, the main clause begins with “so”. If “like” were to be used, we would need the clause to begin with the subject “ancient Greek materials” and not “so”.

Since “so” is used in the non-underlined part, we need to change the underlined part so that it uses “Just as” construction.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the error described above.

(B) Incorrect. Has the same error as option A. 

(C) Correct. This option uses the “Just as” construction correctly. The sentence now has the complete “Just as…so” construction.

(D) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. There is no antecedent for “they”.
  2. This option uses active voice in the “Just as” part whereas the sentence has passive voice in the “so” part. Thus, there is a lack of parallelism.

(E) Incorrect. The use of “like” is incorrect, as explained in the sentence analysis.

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with a score of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at +91 9971 0010 67 or CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

1 + 5 =