Bengal-born writer, philosopher, and educator Rabindranath Tagore

Question

Bengal-born writer, philosopher, and educator Rabindranath Tagore had the greatest admiration for Mohandas K. Gandhi the person and also as a politician, but Tagore had been skeptical of Gandhi's form of nationalism and his conservative opinions about India's cultural traditions.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • Bengal-born writer, philosopher, and educator (Modifier modifying the subject)
  • Rabindranath Tagore had the greatest admiration for Mohandas K. Gandhi (Subject – “Rabindranath Tagore”; Verb – “had”)
    • the person
    • and also as a politician,
  • but Tagore had been skeptical of (Second Independent Clause. Subject – “Tagore”; Verb – “had been”)
    • Gandhi's form of nationalism
    • and his conservative opinions about India's cultural traditions.

The sentence says that Tagore had the greatest admiration for Gandhi as a person and as a politician. However, Tagore was skeptical about certain ideas of Gandhi.

The sentence has the following errors:

  1. “the person” is not parallel to “as a politician”. As is, “the person” seems to modify Gandhi, implying Gandhi was a person!! (Great to know!) Clearly, it has to be “as a person” since it should modify “admiration”.
  2. The use of past perfect “had been” is incorrect. There is no sequence of actions here. The two sets of information provided need to be in the same tense.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.

(B) Correct. This option corrects both the errors in the original sentence without introducing any new error.

(C) Incorrect. This option uses “not only…and”. This structure is non-idiomatic. The correct structure is “not only… but also”.

(D) Incorrect. As the OG explanation says, given this sentence structure, the use of “admiration of” is incorrect. Also, the use of “also” after ‘and’ creates redundancy.

(E) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. The structure “not only…and” is non-idiomatic.
  2. The use of past perfect “had been” is incorrect, as explained in the sentence analysis.
  3. The use of “admiration of” is incorrect, as mentioned in option D.

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with a score of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at +91 9971 0010 67 or CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

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