Although Alice Walker published a number of essays, poetry collections

Question

Although Alice Walker published a number of essays, poetry collections, and stories during the 1970s, her third novel, The Color Purple, which was published in 1982, brought her the widest acclaim in that it won both the National Book Award as well as the Pulitzer Prize.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • Although Alice Walker published a number of essays, poetry collections, and stories during the 1970s, (Sub-ordinate clause presenting a contrast to the main clause. Subject – “Alice Walker”; Verb – “published”)
  • her third novel, The Color Purple, (Main Subject – “novel”)
    • which was published in 1982, (Relative clause modifying the main subject)
  • brought her the widest acclaim (Main Verb – “brought”)
    • in that it won both (“in that” means “in a way that”. It modifies “brought”, saying how the novel brought her the widest acclaim)
      • the National Book Award (X in both X and Y)
      • as well as the Pulitzer Prize. (Y in both X and Y. “as well as” is incorrect.)

The sentence says:

Alice Walker published a number of works during the 1970s but it was her third novel, The Color Purple, that brought her the widest acclaim by winning both National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize.

The error in the sentence is that “both X as well as Y” is non-idiomatic. The correct idiom is “both X and Y”.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the error mentioned above.

(B) Incorrect. There is no main verb in this sentence.

(C) Correct. The verb-ing modifier “winning” modifies the preceding clause by providing additional information about it i.e. how it brought her the widest acclaim.

(D) Incorrect. “which” is incorrect here since it begins a relative clause after ‘and’. However, there is nothing parallel to it before ‘and’.

(E) Incorrect. “Both X as well as Y” is non-idiomatic. Also, this option distorts the meaning since “winning the awards” and “bringing her acclaim” are presented as parallel information and not as one thing leading to the other.

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with scores of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

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