Question

In her presentation, the head of the Better Business Bureau emphasized that companies should think of the cost of conventions and other similar gatherings as not an expense, but as an investment in networking that will pay dividends.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • In her presentation, (Prepositional phrase modifying the main verb)
  • the head (Main Subject)
    • of the Better Business Bureau (prepositional phrase modifying the main subject)
  • emphasized that (Main verb – “emphasized”)
    • companies should think of (“That” Clause. Subject – “companies”; Verb – “should think”)
      • the cost of (X in the structure “Think of X not as Y but as Z)
        • conventions
        • and other similar gatherings
    • as not an expense, (“an expense”: Y in the structure “Think of X not as Y but as Z)
    • but as an investment (“an investment”: Z in the structure “Think of X not as Y but as Z)
      • in networking (prepositional phrase modifying “investment”)
      • that will pay dividends. (relative clause modifying “investment”)

The sentence talks about what the head of BBB emphasized in her presentation. She emphasized that companies should not think of the cost of conventions and other similar gatherings as an expense; they should rather think of this cost as an investment in networking.

The error in the sentence is the violation of the idiomatic structure “think of X not as Y but as Z”.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the error mentioned above.

(B) Incorrect. For the violation of the idiomatic structure described in the sentence analysis.

(C) Incorrect. “Not…rather” is non-idiomatic.

(D) Correct.

(E) Incorrect. “in terms of expense” and “an investment” are not parallel. (Point to note: the structure “think of X in terms of Y” is correct.)

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