Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo

Question

Employing many different techniques throughout his career, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, to sculpture, for example, the statue of David.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • Employing many different techniques throughout his career, (Verb-ing modifier modifying the main clause)
  • Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, (Main Subject: Michelangelo; Main Verb: produced)
    • including paintings, for example, in the Sistine Chapel, (Verb-ing modifier modifying ‘art works’)
    • to sculpture, for example, the statue of David. (seems to present the second part of the ‘from x to y’ structure)

The sentence says that by employing many different techniques, Michelangelo produced a great variety of art works, which included paintings, such as those in the Sistine Chapel and sculpture, such as the statue of David.

The sentence has the following problems:

  1. The use of both ‘including’ and ‘for example’ leads to redundancy. The meaning of this part is ‘including, for example, paintings in the Sistine Chapel’. Clearly, a redundant construction.
  2. ‘to’ requires a ‘from’ to precede it. ‘from’ is absent.
  3. When ‘for example’ is used in the middle of a sentence, the example precedes this phrase. In this construction, ‘the statue of David’ appears after this phrase. This use is thus not correct.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.

(B) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. 1st error of the original sentence.
  2. 2nd error of the original sentence
  3. Even though ‘like’ can be used to offer examples, ‘such as’ is preferred.

(C) Incorrect. Standalone ‘as’ cannot be used to offer examples. Thus, this use of ‘as’ is incorrect in this option. 

(D) Correct.

(E) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. ‘ranging from…and’ is not correct. ‘and’ needs to be replaced with ‘to’.
  2. A slightly better construction than ‘such as in the Sistine Chapel’ would be ‘such as those in the Sistine Chapel’.

If you have any doubts regarding any part of this solution, please feel free to ask in the comments section.

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with scores of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

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