Bengal-born writer, philosopher, and educator Rabindranath Tagore had the greatest admiration for Mohandas K. Gandhi the person and also as a politician, but Tagore had been skeptical of Gandhi’s form of nationalism and his conservative opinions about India’s cultural traditions.
(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)
- Bengal-born writer, philosopher, and educator (Modifier modifying the subject)
- Rabindranath Tagore had the greatest admiration for Mohandas K. Gandhi (Subject – “Rabindranath Tagore”; Verb – “had”)
- the person
- and also as a politician,
- but Tagore had been skeptical of (Second Independent Clause. Subject – “Tagore”; Verb – “had been”)
- Gandhi’s form of nationalism
- and his conservative opinions about India’s cultural traditions.
The sentence says that Tagore had the greatest admiration for Gandhi as a person and as a politician. However, Tagore was skeptical about certain ideas of Gandhi.
The sentence has the following errors:
- “the person” is not parallel to “as a politician”. As is, “the person” seems to modify Gandhi, implying Gandhi was a person!! (Great to know!) Clearly, it has to be “as a person” since it should modify “admiration”.
- The use of past perfect “had been” is incorrect. There is no sequence of actions here. The two sets of information provided need to be in the same tense.
(A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.
(B) Correct. This option corrects both the errors in the original sentence without introducing any new error.
(C) Incorrect. This option uses “not only…and”. This structure is non-idiomatic. The correct structure is “not only… but also”.
(D) Incorrect. As the OG explanation says, given this sentence structure, the use of “admiration of” is incorrect. Also, the use of “also” after ‘and’ creates redundancy.
(E) Incorrect. For the following reasons:
- The structure “not only…and” is non-idiomatic.
- The use of past perfect “had been” is incorrect, as explained in the sentence analysis.
- The use of “admiration of” is incorrect, as mentioned in option D.