Because it regarded the environmentalists as members of an out-of-state organization, the city council voted that they are denied permission for participating in the parade.
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- Because it regarded the environmentalists as members of an out-of-state organization, (Dependent clause – Subject: it; Verb: regarded)
- the city council voted (Main Subject: the city council; Main Verb: voted)
- that they are denied permission for participating in the parade. (Dependent clause modifying ‘voted’)
The sentence seems to say that the city council voted to deny permission to the environmentalists to participate in the parade because the council regarded them as members of an out-of-state organisation.
The sentence has the following problems:
- The use of simple present tense ‘are denied’ is inappropriate here since the voting is for an action that ‘will’ or ‘should’ happen, not something that is already the case.
- “permission to participate” is preferred over “permission for participating”.
(A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.
(B) Incorrect. This option has the second error of the original sentence.
(C) Incorrect. For the following reasons:
- “voted denying them” is not correct idiomatically.
- “permission to participate” is preferred over “permission for participation”.
(D) Incorrect. For the following reasons:
- “voted the denial of permission” is not correct idiomatically.
- “that they participate” seems to modify ‘permission’. However, this modification doesn’t make sense since ‘that they participate’ doesn’t provide additional information about permission.
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