Because it regarded the environmentalists as members of an out-of-state organization

Question

Because it regarded the environmentalists as members of an out-of-state organization, the city council voted that they are denied permission for participating in the parade.

Option A
Option B
Option C
Option D
Option E

(This question is from Official Guide. Therefore, because of copyrights, the complete question cannot be copied here. The question can be accessed at GMAT Club)

Solution

Sentence Analysis

  • Because it regarded the environmentalists as members of an out-of-state organization, (Dependent clause – Subject: it; Verb: regarded)
  • the city council voted (Main Subject: the city council; Main Verb: voted)
    • that they are denied permission for participating in the parade. (Dependent clause modifying ‘voted’)

The sentence seems to say that the city council voted to deny permission to the environmentalists to participate in the parade because the council regarded them as members of an out-of-state organisation.

The sentence has the following problems:

  1. The use of simple present tense ‘are denied’ is inappropriate here since the voting is for an action that ‘will’ or ‘should’ happen, not something that is already the case.
  2. “permission to participate” is preferred over “permission for participating”.

Option Analysis

(A) Incorrect. For the reasons mentioned above.

(B) Incorrect. This option has the second error of the original sentence.

(C) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. “voted denying them” is not correct idiomatically.
  2. “permission to participate” is preferred over “permission for participation”.

(D) Incorrect. For the following reasons:

  1. “voted the denial of permission” is not correct idiomatically.
  2. “that they participate” seems to modify ‘permission’. However, this modification doesn’t make sense since ‘that they participate’ doesn’t provide additional information about permission.

(E) Correct.

If you have any doubts regarding any part of this solution, please feel free to ask in the comments section.

About Chiranjeev Singh

An Alumnus of IIM Ahmedabad and with scores of 780 (2017) and 770 (2013) on GMAT and 99.98%ile on CAT, Chiranjeev is one of the most qualified GMAT tutors in India. Chiranjeev has earlier served as Director of Curriculum at e-GMAT. Chiranjeev has been helping students ace GMAT since 2012. He follows a concept-based methodology to teaching GMAT and is very committed to student success. You may contact him for any private GMAT tutoring needs at CJ@GMATwithCJ.com. He conducts online sessions for students across the world.

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